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Guinea Bissau

Guinea Bissau

Electoral Institution
National Electoral Commission
Eligible Voting Population:
761 676
Minimum Voter's Age:
Political Regime

Presidential with a Legislative Assembly. The President of Guinea-Bissau is elected by a uninominal majority vote for a five-year term renewable once. If no candidate obtains an absolute majority of the votes cast in the first ballot, a second ballot is held between the two candidates who obtained the highest number of votes. The National People's Assembly is composed of 102 seats filled every four years, 100 of which are filled by multi-member proportional representation (MMPR). Following a recent reform, the two remaining seats are elected by the diaspora, particularly in Africa and Europe. 10 Parties are required to present lists of candidates with at least 36% women in each constituency.

Number of Political Parties:

Number of Election Held
Presidential elections : 11 (1977, 1984, 1989, 1994, 1999-2000, 2005, 2009, 2012, 2014, 2019, 2024) Parliamentary elections : 11 (1972, 1976-1977, 1984, 1989, 1994, 1999, 2004, 2008, 2014, 2019, 2023)
When are the Next Elections?

General elections: 2024 - Parliamentary elections: 2024

The country became independent when the Portuguese left the country after the Carnation Revolution in 1974. The African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde, which had led the insurrection for independence for 12 years, won the general elections and Luis Cabral was elected president. On 14 November 1980, João Bernardo Vieira overthrew President Luís Cabra, who had been in power since independence, in a bloodless military coup d'état. The constitution was suspended. In 1984, a new constitution was approved and brought the country back to civilian rule. The ban on political parties was lifted in 1991 and elections were held in 1994. After a failed coup attempt against the government in June 1998, the country fell into a brief but violent civil war between the military forces. On 12 April 2012, a coup led by the army deposed Prime Minister Carlos Gomes Júnior in the context of a disputed presidential election. In 2014, José Mário Vaz won the presidential election of 13 April 2014, marking the gradual return to constitutional legality. In September 2016, a political compromise was signed on 10 September by all the parties. Successively, Umaro Sissoco Embaló in November 2016, then Artur Silva at the end of January 2018, and then Aristides Gomes in mid-April 2018 were appointed prime ministers.

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